Referred to as:

System Management Bus
SMBus
SMB

Commonly found on computer motherboards for communication with the power source, battery charging, etc.

Based on I2C bus:

Clock frequency range 10kHz to 100kHz (a minimum is specified as SMBus has a timeout feature).

Voltage levels and timings are more strictly defined than for I2C, but devices using the two interfaces can often successfully mixed on the same bus.

Allows for bus VDD ranging from 3V to 5V.

ACK and NACK there are some differences to be aware of when designing your software driver.

Pull Up Resistors

SMBis voltage levels are specified with different currents compared to the I2C bus. SMBus specifies a min sink current of 100µA, and a maximum of 350µA, compared to 3mA for the I²C bus. This determines the lowest acceptable value of the pull-up resistor:


           3V VDD      5V VDD
I2C Bus    > 1k     > 1.6k
SMBus      > 8.5k   > 14k

In reality it's not unusual to find pull-up resistor values in SMBus systems which are lower than allowed by the specification. A popular range for pull up resistor values seems to be 2.4K to 3.9K

Good Resources

Maxim Comparing the I²C Bus to the SMBus

PMBus

New standard enhancing SMBus to allow identifying of device functionality, etc.

Extends Clock frequency range to 400 kHz.

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